Fitriyani Bakri, Muh. Safar Nur


This study focuses on the principles and the extent to which they are used in teaching. The study employs descriptive qualitative design to gain insights on the principles, including the types of principles and the extent to which they are utilized by two English teachers an Islamic high school in Makassar. The data from five non-participant observations, two semi-structured interviews with instructors, and documentation from teachers' records were all examined using a qualitative analysis model in relation to the study's concerns. The findings demonstrated the teachers' concepts in three major sections that covered cognitive, affective, and linguistics. To teach the students, six types of concepts spanning meaningful learning, language ego, interlanguage, the anticipation of reward, self-confidence, and communicative competence were used. According to the findings of this study, both teachers teach based on a set of principles, and the principles were linked to the teachers' practices. Both teachers appear to have developed an own set of tried-and-true and largely distinct concepts. These findings enlighten instructors and future researchers on what and how to do next to improve the principles of teaching in Indonesia.

Keywords: teacher, principles in teaching, cognitive, affective, linguistics

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