Noor Fitriah


Grammar is very needed to gain the communicative comptence as the main goal of learning foreign language, so the grammar should be learned and acquired by the students in order to be able to avoid making mistakes when using language whether in speaking, listening, reading and writing.  in line with this, grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves. The more people are aware of how it works, the more they can monitor the meaning and the effectiveness of the way they use language. Teaching and learning  grammar of a language is still being questioned is a controversial issue, “teach or not teach Grammar”. This factorial research design was investigated the effects of textual enhancement in learning simple past tense toward students’ initial (high achievers and low achievers). The participants were the eighth graders at SMPN 1 Daha Utara. to determine the effects Two-Way ANOVA was employed to analyze the data. The results demonstrate although the textual enhancement had significant effect and the students in different initial had different achievement. and also found an interaction between the TE and students’ initial.


Textual Enhancement; Students’ Learning; Simple Past Tense; Reading Text.

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